Electric Vehicles Compared to Gasoline Vehicles

Electric vehicles often have been proposed as an environmentally sound alternative to the gasoline engine for transportation. Several car manufacturers now include electric vehicles among their available models. In spite of these initiatives, the penetration of electric vehicles into the transportation sector of remains modest.

Estimate the potential reduction in petroleum consumption (in gallons of gasoline per year) that could be achieved in by introducing electric vehicles under the following assumptions. Be sure to show all your work and include units with your answers.